Flood disasters are among the most common climate induced hazard in Bhutan and people have lost lives, properties, agricultural products during such disaster. The Flood Engineering and Management Division (FEMD) was instituted by the Government under Department of Engineering Services, MoWHS in the year 2012 with the mandate to professionalize flood management in the Country.
Most often the flood alleviation measures are implemented as an adhoc activity based on the availability of budget and without carrying out the necessary flood models such as the hydrological and hydrodynamic models. This current practice of reducing flooding risk at local government level has adversely impacted the communities with increased risk and waste of resources. Understanding the difficulties faced by the local government in managing flood in a more integrated and sustainable manner, FEMD has initiated development of Flood Management Plans (FMPs) for Dzongkhags with critical flooding issues. Paro Dzongkhag with most of the settlements along the floodplains of Paro River and its tributaries was prioritized for the first Flood Management Plan.
The Flood Management Plan for Paro Dzongkhag was drafted in FY 2019-2020 with the following documents:
- Volume I: Summary Report
- Volume II: Main Report for Preparation of Flood Management Plan for Paro Dzongkhag
- Volume III: Technical/Engineering Report
- Volume IV: Engineering Drawings and Estimate
- Volume V: Maps
The study conducted was comprehensive with hazard and risk assessed using hydrodynamic models and vulnerability surveys along Pachu, Dochu and all the critical streams. The interventions have been designed incorporating climate change and has been prioritized based on the criticality of the areas.
The FMP for Paro Dzongkhag was handed over to Dasho Dzongdag of Paro Dzongkhag Administration and the Local Government officially on 19th October 2020.